Concrete is a popular choice for flooring because it’s durable, long-lasting, and affordable. It also looks great in kitchens, bathrooms, and other areas where people spend a lot of time.
But there are downsides to concrete floors. They’re hard to clean, they stain easily and they require regular maintenance. If you want to add a new feature to your home, such as an outdoor kitchen, then you’ll need to consider whether concrete is the best option.
If you decide to install a concrete floor, you will need to etch your concrete floor first. But what is etching?
Etching is the first preparation needed before painting a concrete surface to achieve optimum results. The process includes preparing the surface using an acid such that it will react with the particular surface to make it rough so that the paint sticks well when applied.
Is Etching Concrete Necessary? It is necessary to etch the concrete floor before painting because it gets roughed up so when you apply epoxy, and after it has been dried and cured, it will not peel above the floor. There are multiple ways to actually etch the concrete including sanding, using acids such as muriatic acid which is widely used and the most common method used by homeowners.
If you are a DIY person and would love to etch your garage, patios, or even driveways, a simple method to do this is by using acid. This is far the simplest and the most popular method. Other ways include sanding, which tends to be expensive and can be done by professionals. But nevertheless, the same thing will be achieved.
What Is Concrete Etching?
Concrete etching is the application of an acid and water solution (usually muriatic acid) to a concrete floor in such a manner that the acid dissolves the surface of the concrete, creating a rough texture. This allows the new coating to adhere well to the concrete.
Why is Etching Necessary?
The main reason why it is recommended not to skip the etching process is for the sole purpose of achieving long-lasting paint on your floor. Etching not only creates a rough surface on the floor but also neutralizes the pH level of the surface.
Take an example of why epoxy fails. One of the reasons why they fail is when the etching step is skipped. It can end up not so good looking and will crack and peeled making it even costlier to repair. You don’t need to waste any money removing all over again and start the process again.
If you are intending to coat a new concrete floor, then it is probably filled with laitance. This is due to the concrete being weak and has not yet achieved higher strength, unlike the older surfaces. In this case, etching is necessary because it will prevent disintegration and the disbandment of the coating being applied.
Also Check: Best Garage Floor Paint: Reviews & Buyer Guide
How to Acid Etch a Garage Acid before Applying Epoxy
You want to floor to be acid etched well so it has a good profile and be rough enough for the epoxy to fall into the concrete. If the floor is too smooth then the epoxy will get a good bite to the concrete and there’s a good chance that a car pulling into the garage can actually lift up and peel up the epoxy if the tires are too hot.
And in order to spray the floor with muriatic acid, use just a regular plastic or just plastic nozzles and just use an RL flow master weed spray, just light insect weed sprayer, and just muriatic acid. It typically should take about a gallon of muriatic acid to do a two-car garage.
Mix the muriatic acid and if the floor is really, really smooth, you can use it 100% not mixed with anything. If the floor is fairly rough a little bit, then the best ratio is 70% muriatic acid and 30% water.
If you have sprayed it and it’s still yellow, then it is actually etching the floor. Once the floor is etched, start washing all the muriatic acid up towards the front of the garage. You don’t want to wash it down the driveway. If you wash it down the driveway before it diluted, you could actually etch and discolor the driveway.
Since most garages are brick-paved, take and wash all the muriatic acid up towards the front and then begin to rinse and head down the driveway. Take a water hose all setup and ready to do the rinsing. And then once it’s rinsed, you can then start power washing.
Types of Acids for Etching Concrete Floors
Concrete floors are an excellent choice for flooring because they are durable, long-lasting, and easy to clean. However, if you want to add a unique touch to your concrete floor, there are several different types of acids that you can use to etch the surface.
Etching concrete floors is a fun way to give your home a new look. It’s also a great way to add a bit of character to your home without spending a lot of money.
Hydrochloric acid is the most common acid used for etching metal. It is also the most powerful acid. It is unrefined and can be identified because it is yellowish in color.
An extremely corrosive acid, it is used to clean brickwork of rust and excess mortar. But it can also eat away metal, fabric and corrode most metals, including stainless steel. It burns skin and the noxious gases can damage your lungs and cause irritation to your nose and throat if inhaled.
As well as being found in stomach acid, hydrochloric acid is used to process steel, clean swimming pools, and make batteries.
Hydrochloric acid can also etch concrete. It is just equally powerful as muriatic and therefore the same amount of care should be taken when using it.
Phosphoric acid is a very weak acid that is found mostly in household cleaning products. It is safe to use but not widely available. It is also more expensive than other acids.
Citric acid is a weak acid, so it has a longer reaction rate than other acids. This means that citric acid takes longer to etch concrete surfaces.
Just like phosphoric acid, this new chemical compound is safe to use and requires less protective equipment. However, it comes at a higher cost.
How Long Does Concrete Need To Dry After Etching?
Concrete is an amazing material that has been used for thousands of years. It’s durable, strong, and versatile. However, there are times when concrete needs to be etched.
Etching is a process where the surface of the concrete is roughened to allow for better adhesion of paint. Concrete is a popular material used for outdoor projects such as patios, driveways, pool decks, etc. It’s also a great material for DIY projects because it’s relatively inexpensive and easy to use.
However, there are several factors that affect the drying time of concrete after etching. The first factor is the temperature. If the temperature is too high, the concrete will dry faster. On the other hand, if the temperature is too low, the concrete will take longer to dry.
If you’re looking to create an outdoor project, you’ll want to keep these factors in mind. Damp concrete won’t bond well with epoxy. Too much humidity can be problematic. Moisture levels of 12% are ideal if you have a measuring device. You should wait at least 48 hours before applying the epoxy.
If you don’t know how to measure, a good test involves using a square piece of plastic. The plastic should be at least 4 mm thick, and 18 inches by 18 inches. Tape the square down to a concrete surface with 2-inch wide duct tape. Leave this square for at least 16 hrs.
While this isn’t foolproof, it gives an indication of how much water is in the concrete. After 16 hours, if the plastic is still dry then the moisture content of concrete is likely low enough so that the epoxy won’t be affected.
Are There Garage Floor Coatings That Don’t Require Etching?
When people discover that etching is required for a garage coating, they often ask, “What coating does not require etching?” They may then be told that there is no such thing as a non-etched coating. There are many manufacturers who make garage floor coatings. But, there is only one that makes a product that does not require acid etching.
Before you get too excited, pay close attention to how the concrete must absorb water before Rust Bullet can be sprayed on it. If the concrete is not smooth enough or does not absorb water well, then you will be required to etch it.
Before you get too excited, pay close attention to how much water the concrete must absorb before Rust Bullet can be used. If the concrete is not smooth enough or does not absorb water well, then you will need to etch the concrete anyway.
Before Rust Bullet, there were no traditional floor coatings that didn’t require etching or grinding the concrete. There have not been any others available since.
Concrete is a very important material. It is used in many different ways. But if you do not properly prepare the surface, you may find yourself -creation having problems with peeling and other issues. There is no getting around this fact. You must etch your concrete before applying any type of coating.
It is always advised to etch any concrete before applying paint because not only will it make it long-lasting and avoiding cracks and ugly surfaces, it will save tons of cash that would otherwise be used to repair failed surfaces of unique designs.